Study of flooding mechanism in vertical small diameter pipes

standing wave at liquid exit

digitization of the wave


axial gas velocity distribution

Mouza, A.A., Pantzali, M.N. and Paras, S.V. 2005 The influence of liquid properties on flooding phenomena in small diameter tubes. Chem. Eng. Sc i., 60,18, 4981-4991.
Mouza, A.A., Paras, S.V. and Karabelas, A.J. 2002 The influence of small diameter pipes and inclination angle on flooding phenomena, CHISA 2002, 15th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, Prague.